NICOL, ADRIAN JOHN
Name: Adrian John Nicol Rank/Branch: Navigator Unit: 15 Squadron, Royal Air Force Age: 27 Home City: Great Britain Date of Loss: 16 January 1991 Country of Loss: Iraq Loss Coordinates: Status: Released POW Acft/Vehicle/Ground: Tornado GR1
Other Personnel in Incident: John G. Peters (released)
Source: Compiled by Homecoming II Project 09 March 1991 from one or more of the following: raw data from U.S. Government agency sources, published sources, interviews. Updated by the POW NETWORK 2002.
REMARKS: OPERATION DESERT STORM
SYNOPSIS: On January 16, 1991, Allied forces began concentrated air strikes on Iraqi military targets in Iraq and Kuwait. Participating in the strikes were U.S., British and Kuwaiti air forces. The United Kingdom had the second largest military contingent of troops after the U.S. with 35-40,000 troops, 75 Tornado fighter/bombers, and sixteen warships.
Flight Lieutenant John G. Peters was the pilot, and Navigator Adrian J. Nicol the backseater, of a Tornado GR1 fighter/bomber which flew in the first wave of strikes. Peters and Nicol were from 15 Squadron, Royal Air Force. Their target was an Iraqi airfield. During the strike, two British fighter jets were shot down, including Peters' Tornado.
British Defense Secretary Tom King said in London that the crews of the two British planes were missing. A BBC reporter reported on January 17 that the two-man crew of one of the planes (a Tornado GR1) had bailed out over the desert behind Iraqi lines, and that rescue efforts were ongoing.
British reporters stated that the pilot and navigator of one of the aircraft had radioed that the engine was on fire, then ejected from the aircraft. There were also two men in the second aircraft. It is not possible from early reports to determine the exact locations of the losses.
Rescue attempts for Peters and Nicol failed, and the two airmen were captured by Iraqi forces. In all, seven Allied airmen were shot down captured in the first waves of strikes.
On January 20, 1991, Peters and Nicol appeared on Iraqi television in an apparent propaganda effort by their Iraqi captors. First the voice interviews, followed by the videotapes, were released by Cable News Network (CNN). Peters and Nicol appeared to be speaking under extreme duress. Also on January 20, the Iraqis stated that their POWs would be used as "human shields" to protect their important military targets from strikes by Allied forces.
British Prime Minister John Major immediately charged that Iraq's treatment of Allied POWs was "wholly objectionable" and against the Geneva accords for treatment of prisoners of war.
On March 3, 1991, a much-healed and smiling John G. Peters was released by the Iraqis. His wife, Helen, appeared on national television with the couple's two sons, age 2 and 6 months, saying she was convinced the injuries evidenced in January were from the ejection.
According to national television, all Coalition POWs were released by March 6 except for one Kuwaiti. It is assumed that Nicol was among those released. U.S. media did not focus on British and other Coalition POWs to the extent that all names were immediately known.