Name: Mohammed Mubarak
Unit: Lt.Col./Kuwaiti Air Force
Home City: Kuwait
Date of Loss: 16 January 1991
Country of Loss:
Status: Released Prisoner of War
Other Personnel in Incident:
Source: Compiled by Homecoming II Project 09 March 1991 from one
or more of the following: raw data from U.S. Government agency sources,
published sources, interviews. Updated 2002
REMARKS: OPERATION DESERT STORM
SYNOPSIS: On January 16, 1991, Allied forces began concentrated air strikes
on Iraqi military targets in Iraq and Kuwait. Participating in the strikes
were U.S., British, Italian and Kuwaiti air forces. The United Kingdom had
the second largest military contingent of troops after the U.S. with
35-40,000 troops, 75 Tornado fighter/bombers, and sixteen warships.
Kuwaiti Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Mohammed Mubarak was a pilot flying in
the first wave of strikes. During the strike, his aircraft was shot down. It
is not possible from early reports to determine the exact locations of the
Mubarak was captured by Iraqi forces. In all, seven Allied airmen were shot
down captured in the first waves of strikes.
On January 20, 1991, Mubarak appeared on Iraqi television in an apparent
propaganda effort by his Iraqi captors. First the voice interviews, followed
by the videotapes, were released by Cable News Network (CNN). The prisoners
appeared to be speaking under extreme duress. Also on January 20, the Iraqis
stated that their POWs would be used as "human shields" to protect their
important military targets from strikes by Allied forces.
British Prime Minister John Major immediately charged that Iraq's treatment
of Allied POWs was "wholly objectionable" and against the Geneva accords for
treatment of prisoners of war. U.S. Vice President Dan Quail said that Iraqi
leaders would be held "personally" responsible for the obvious mistreatment
of Allied POWs.
According to national television, all Coalition POWs were released by March
6 except for one Kuwaiti. It is assumed, but not known, that Mubarak was
among those released. U.S. media did not focus on Coalition POWs from other
nations to the extent that all names were immediately known.