[0855-71.cm 02/25/96]

[NETWORK NOTE: This document was scanned and retyped to make it an ASCII file.
The Block format of a USG document was altered to just "text")


NUMBER NN8937 597, BY  RB1VSW, DATE 1/23/96

Note: This Document contains information affecting the national defense of the
United States within the meaning of the espionage laws. Title 18, U.S.C., Sec
793 and 794. The transmission or revelation of its contents in any manner to an
unauthorized person is prohibited by law.


This report contains unprocessed information. Plans and/or policies should not
be evolved or modified solely on the basis of this report.
1. COUNTRY:  CB, KOMPONG CHHN ANG Province  8. REPORT NUMBER:  6 029 0855 71

2.  SUBJECT:  (U) KHMER ROUGE Prison Camp  9. DATE OF REPORT:  9 Aug 71
              in KOMPONG CHHNANG Province            (handwritten- W31437)

                                       10.NO. OF PAGES: 6

3. ISC NUMBER: 723.600                 11.REFERENCES: DIRM: 1Q16, 6G3
                                                      BRIGHT LIGHT

                           28 Jul 71
                                       13. PREPARED BY:  GEORGE C> WHITEHEAD
                                                         SP5, USA
7. SOURCE:  Returnee Interrogation     14. APPROVING AUTHORITY:  (SIGNED)
                                                      PAUL G. SPERO
                                                      LTC, USA
                                                      Dir, US Elm, CMIC

    (C) This report contains information regarding a KHMER ROUGE prison camp
    located in KOMPONG CHHN ANG Province, CAMBODIA, including circumstances
    of exposure, location subordination, description, buildings, camouflage,
    terrain, friendly overflights, routes of approach, available reinforcing
    units, weapons, instruction to guards, security measures, organization
    of the camp staff, number of PW, the nature of the confinement,
    interrogation, mail, medecal facilities, radio, and indoctrination. THIS
    1. (C) Background Information:

        a. Name:  SOK THON, CMIC C-3740

        b. Rank:  None (KHMER ROUGE)

        c. Position and Unit of Assignment:  Messenger; 1st Group, D44 (NVA
unit, echelon unknown), 120th (NVA unit, echelon unknown)

        d. DPOB:  1951; PHUM THLA Village, SROK BARAY District, KOMPONG THOM
Province, CAMBODIA

    DIA                    1 cy
    DIRNSA                 1 cy
    SAC                    1 cy
    CINPAC                 1 cy
    CINPAC AF              2 cys
    CINCUSARPAC            2 cys
    COMUSMACTHAI           1 cy
    MACJ212-2              2 cys
    MACJ213-1              1 cy
    MACJ23                 1 cy
    MACJ231               10 cys



Page 2 of 6
    e. Parents' Names: Father, CHUM SOK, living; Mother,  TUY VOAN,  living
    f. Circumstances  of Return. On 6 Jul 71,  Source rallied to the District
Office, BAREBAU District, KOMPONG CHHNANG Province, CAMBODIA, because he was
tired of the difficult living conditions and increased combat activity in his
unit. He brought no weapons or documents.
    g. Significant Activities. Source attended school at his POB for three
years, from 1960 to 1963, after which he sold ice cream at his POB. Source
Joined the KHMER ROUGE after his recruitment, and entered his unit on 17 Jun
70. He was assigned to the Raid Group (further designation unknown),
subordinate to KOMPONG CHHNANG Province Unit,located near KRA SANG DOH LOENG
Village, SROK TUK PHOS District, KOMPONG CHHNANG Province, CAMBODIA. Source
took eight months basic combat training with this unit, after which he was
assigned as a porter to an unknown combat element of the 120th Unit (echelon
and subordination unknown), in Feb 71. In Apr 71, Source was assigned as a
porter to the 19th unit (echelon unknown), subordinate to the 120th Unit (NVA
unit, echelon and subordination unknown). This unit was located in SRA JA NEAK
(sic) District, KOMPONG SPEU Province, CAMBODIA. Source was  assigned as a
guard to the prison camp (designation unknown) located near ERA SANG DOH LOENG
Village, SROK TUK PHOS District, KOMPONG CHHNANG Province, CAMBODIA, for a
period of one week in May 71.  He was then assigned as a messenger to the 1st
Group, D-44 (NVA unit, echelon unknown), 120th Unit  (NVA  unit, echelon and
further subordination unk). This unit operated throughout KOMPONG CHHNANG
Province. Source remained in this unit until he rallied on 6 Jul 71.
    h. Additional References:  CMIC PW/Rallier Exploitation Guide; Map: Joint
Operations Graphic (ground), AMS Series 1501,  Sheet NC48-6,  Edition III, dtd
(unknown), Scale 1:250,000
2. (C) KHMER ROUGE Prison Camp in KOMPONG CHHNANG Province:
    a. Circumstances of Exposure. While Source was engaged in basic training,
he was assigned as a temporary guard for a period or approximately 10 days in
mid-Jan 71, in a KHMER ROUGE prison camp. Source's duty was to bring food and
water to the interrogators and their prisoners during interrogations. Source
was again assigned to this camp in May 71, for a period of one week, as a
temporary guard. He was never permanently assigned to this camp, but became
familiar with its disposition and part of its operations in his short service
    b. Location. This  camp was located at (vic VU275200), near the village of
    c. Subordination. The designation of this camp was unknown to Source. It
was operated by the KHMER ROUGE forces, although most of its prisoners were
originally captured by NVA troops. Source had no further information
concerning the subordination of the camp.
Page 3 of 6

    d. Description of the Camp. The camp was established as a permanent
detention area. The prison compound was formerly a storage area, although
Source knew nothing more of its prior history. Source estimated the potential
capacity of the camp as approximately 1200 prisoners. The camp was
rectangular in shape, and approximately (1.5km  2.0km) in size. It was
bounded by a fence framed of metal rods and boarded with bamboo, sharpened on
the top to form spikes. This fence was approximately three meters high. There
were gates in this fence at the northeast and northwest corners of the
compond. The perimeters on the north, west, and south of the camp were mined
for a distance of approximately one and one-half kilometers from the fence.
Approximately two kilometers to the west to the camp was the KRA SANG DOH
LOENG Pagoda. The area around the pagoda was also mined, except for a narrow
corridor which ran from the pagoda to the northwest corner of the compound
This corridor was used to move prisoners to the pagoda in the event the camp
was attacked. There were bunkers (10m x 3m x 3m) at the northeast and
southeast corners of the compound.
    e. Buildings. The camp consisted of 20 buildings: 14 within the compound,
and six outside. These buildings were constructed in the same manner as the
houses in the area; they were wooden structures built on tall stilts,
comprising one large room. These buildings were quite large, although Source
could not estimate their dimensions. They were capable of housing 50 men each:
25 in the building and 25 in the space underneath. The 14 buildings within the
compound were arranged with one building in each corner of the compound and
the other 10 in the center area. These buildings inside the fence were used to
house prisoners. Six houses were located outside the compound, approximately
20 meters from the fence; three on the north side and three on the east side.
Those on the north were used for food storage and those on the east were used
to house the guards and the camp administrators.
    f. Camouflage. No camouflage was used in this camp the surrounding terrain
provided some cover.
    g. Terrain. The terrain surrounding the camp was heavy forest on dry land.
Approximately one kilometer to the north was a range of high hills;
approximately one and one-half kilometers to the south was the STUNG KBAL TUK
Stream. An undesignated, unpaved road passed on the east side at a distance of
approximately four kilometers.
    h. Friendly Aircraft Overflights. Once, in Jan 71, an ARVN helicopter
(type, unit unknown) flew directly over the camp in a westerly direction. It
did not return. Source knew of no other friendly overflights.
    i. Routes of Approach. The only ground approach route to the prison
compound was from the east. All other approaches were mined.
    j.  Availability of Reinforcing Military Units. Other units, both KHMER
ROUGE and NVA, operated in this area. However, Source was not able to provide
any information concerning designation, subordination, strength, or
disposition of these units.
Page 4 of 6
    k. Types of Weapons Available Against Friendly Rescue Units. The guard
component at the prison camp was  equipped with 48 AK-47 rifles, one RPD, and
one HMG (type, caliber unknown). Source had no information regarding the
weapons of possible reinforcing units.
    1. Instruction to Guards in Case of Attack on Camp. The guards  were
instructed to move the prisoners into the KRA SANG DOH LOENG Pagoda during an
attack. The pagoda was very large and was capable of sheltering all the
personnel of the camp. Guards were not allowed to kill the prisoners. If the
camp was overrun, the guards were to allow the prisoners to be rescued.
    m. Security Measures in Detention Area. No restraining devices were used
on the prisoners. It was considered impossible for an escapee to penetrate the
mine fields on the north, west, and south perimeters of the camp; the eastern
boundary was guarded. The quard component consisted of 50 guards. Ten guards
were on duty on each shift; every shift lasted five hours. The off-duty guards
remained in their billets in the houses on the east side of the perimeter. All
10 of the guards on duty were positioned in the forest on the east side of the
compound. These guards were armed with AK-47 rifles.
    n. Organization of the Camp Staff. The camp staff consisted of 100 KHMER
ROUGE personnel: 50 guards, who also conducted interrogations, and 50 medics
(sic). Additionally, there were approximately 20 women from local villages who
were employed to carry food and cook. The organization of the camp staff was
unknown to Source.
    O. Number of PW in Camp. In Jan 71, there were approximately 950 prisoners
in the camp; 900 were members of FANK forces, and 50 were ARVN personnel.
The majority of these prisoners had been captured in operations along Route 4.
There was one US prisoner. (See IR 6 029 0856 71.) In May 71, when Source
returned to the camp for one week, there were an additional 150 Cambodian
prisoners, FANK personnel.
    p. Nature of Confinement. Source did not have any information concerning
processing procedures of this camp. Source thought that the prisoners were
allowed to keep their own clothing. (He did not know what, if anything, was
issued to the prisoners.) The prisoners were not confined; they were allowed
to move throughout the compound.  Certain specified prisoners were given
better housing, but there was no formal  program of segregation of prisoners
according to rank, class, politics, or race. The living quarters were
adequate. When the weather was good, many men chose to sleep outside. When the
weather was very bad, Source heard that the prisoners who could not be
accommodated either within or under the camp buildings were moved to the KRA
SANG DOH LOENG Pagoda, which was both spacious and weatherproof. The compound
had a latrine area; Source had no information regarding its construction or
maintenance. Source seldom entered the prison compound itself, and had little
information regarding personal hygiene of the prisoners, or of their daily
routine and treatment.
    q. Interrogation. Each prisoner was interrogated. These interrogations
lasted an average of 30 minutes.  The information elicited
Page 5 of 6
was primarily biographical; Source did not know the purpose or effectiveness
of these interrogations. No violence was used.
    r. Mail. Prisoners were allowed to send mail three times per month They
were also allowed to receive mail (NFI).
    B. Medical Facilities. There was no medical building in the compound.
However, there were 50 (sic) KHMER ROUGE medic  who attended the sick and
wounded in their billets. Source had no knowledge of the training of the
medics or of the availability of medicine and medical equipment. Source did
not know the composition of the daily diet of the prisoners, but he thought it
was approximately the same as that eaten by the guards. The guards consumed
about 600 grams of rice per day, together with vegetables, and occasionally,
    t. Radios. There were three commercial radios in the compound (PHILIPS,
Japanese manufacture, 9 volt). The prisoners were allowed unlimited listening

    u. Indoctrination. Source knew of no attempts to indoctrinate the
prisoners. He thought that no efforts at political training were made.
(U) COMMENTS: Source was cooperative during the interrogation and control
questioning revealed no discrepancies in his responses. Source had very little
understanding of the organization of the units he belonged to, and payed little
attention to his duties. Source seemed of lower than average intelligence.
Page 6 of 6

    Sketch of KHMER ROUGE Prison Camp, located in KOMPONG CHHNANG Province,
    CAMBODIA, as provided by returnee, SOK THON, CMIC C-3740
    (DOI:  May 71)     (Not to Scale)
    [NETWORK NOTE: a copy of the 6 1/2" x 9" SKETCH OF THE KHMER ROUGE
    PRISON CAMP is available - call or write using the file number
    0855 71.]

[Distributed through the P.O.W. Network]