McDONALD, JOSEPH WILLIAM

Name: Joseph William McDonald
Rank/Branch: 02/U.S. Marine Corps
Unit: VMA 224, Detachment C
Date of Birth: 17 December 1946
Home City of Record: Wappinger Falls NY
Date of Loss: 03 May 1972
Country of Loss: North Vietnam
Loss Coordinates: 174859N 1072957E (YE649715)
Status (in 1973): Missing In Action
Category: 3
Acft/Vehicle/Ground: A6A
Refno: 1842

Other Personnel in Incident: David B. Williams (remains returned)

Source: Compiled by Homecoming II Project 01 April 1990 with the assistance
of one or more of the following: raw data from U.S. Government agency
sources, correspondence with POW/MIA families, 2020.
           
REMARKS: POSSIBLY CAPTURED

SYNOPSIS: The Grumman A6 Intruder is a two-man all weather, low-altitude,
carrier-based attack plane, with versions adapted as aerial tanker and
electronic warfare platform. The A6A primarily flew close-air-support,
all-weather and night attacks on enemy troop concentrations, and night
interdiction missions. Its advanced navigation and attack system, known as
DIANE (Digital Integrated Attack navigation Equipment) allowed small
precision targets, such as bridges, barracks and fuel depots to be located
and attacked in all weather conditions, day or night. The planes were
credited with some of the most difficult single-plane strikes in the war,
including the destruction of the Hai Duong bridge between Hanoi and Haiphong
by a single A6. Their missions were tough, but their crews among the most
talented and most courageous to serve the United States.

On May 3, 1972, an A6A flown by 1Lt. Joseph W. McDonald was launched on a
mission over North Vietnam. Flying as "guy in back" for McDonald was Capt.
David B. Williams. At a point on the coast of North Vietnam, near the city
of Ron in Quang Binh Province, their aircraft was shot down. Both men were
placed in the category of Missing In Action.

The Defense Intelligence Agency further clarified McDonald's and Williams'
categories with an "enemy knowledge" qualifier. Both men received ratings of
Category 3, which indicates "doubtful knowledge" and includes personnel
whose loss incident is such that it is doubtful that the enemy wound have
knowledge of the specific individuals (e.g. aircrews lost over water or
remote areas).

Even though both men were classified Missing in Action, Defense Department
notes indicate some likelihood that McDonald, at least, was captured. There
are no such notations relating to Williams. The Vietnamese denied any
knowledge of either crewman.

In late October, 1989, it was announced that remains returned to the U.S. by
the Vietnamese had been identified as being those of David B. Williams. No
word of McDonald has been publicly announced.

Since these men disappeared in May 1972, the U.S. has received nearly 10,000
reports relating to Americans missing in Southeast Asia. Many officials who
have reviewed these reports have reluctantly concluded there are still
hundreds of Americans alive in Southeast Asia, held captive by our long-ago
enemy.

Whether Joseph W. McDonald survived the crash of his aircraft to be captured
is not known. What is certain, however, is that the Vietnamese should be
able to provide answers as to his fate. It's time we got those answers, and
time we brought all living American prisoners home.
 

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02/2020

https://dpaa.secure.force.com/dpaaProfile?id=a0Jt0000000KZZuEAO

MAJ JOSEPH WILLIAM MCDONALD

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On May 3, 1972, an A-6A Intruder (bureau number 155709, call sign "Bengal 510") with two crew members launched from the aircraft carrier USS Coral Sea (CVA 43) to take part in a two-plane strike mission against enemy targets near Dong Hoi, North Vietnam. The two aircraft proceeded to the target area and conducted their strike without enemy reaction. However, during egress from the target area, the lead aircraft on the flight lost radio contact with "Bengal 510" and could not re-establish communications. "Bengal 510" failed to return to the Coral Sea. Search and rescue efforts were unable to locate the aircraft, a crash site, or the crew. The remains of one crew member were subsequently returned to U.S. custody and identified, but the other remains unaccounted for.

First Lieutenant Joseph William McDonald, who entered the U.S. Marine Corps from New York, served with Marine Attack Squadron 224 and was the pilot aboard "Bengal 510" at the time of its loss. His remains have not been recovered. Following the incident, the Marine Corps promoted 1st Lt McDonald to the rank of the Major (Maj). Today, Major McDonald is memorialized on the Courts of the Missing at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific.

Based on all information available, DPAA assessed the individual's case to be in the analytical category of Active Pursuit.

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