Name: Kenneth Edward Hume
Rank/Branch: O4/US Navy
Date of Birth: 22 July 1931
Home City of Record: Cincinnati OH
Date of Loss: 29 March 1965
Country of Loss: North Vietnam/Over Water
Loss Coordinates: 200359N 1073659E (YH736208)
Status (in 1973): Killed/Body Not Recovered
Category: 5
Aircraft/Vehicle/Ground: F8D
Refno: 0061
Other Personnel in Incident: (none missing)

Source: Compiled by Homecoming II Project 15 April 1990 from one or more of
the following: raw data from U.S. Government agency sources, correspondence
with POW/MIA families, published sources, interviews. Updated by the P.O.W.


SYNOPSIS: The Vought F8 "Crusader" saw action early in U.S. involvement in
Southeast Asia. Its fighter models participated both in the first Gulf of
Tonkin reprisal in August 1964 and in the myriad attacks against North
Vietnam during Operation Rolling Thunder. The Crusader was used exclusively
by the Navy and Marine air wings (although there is one U.S. Air Force pilot
reported shot down on an F8) and represented half or more of the carrier
fighters in the Gulf of Tonkin during the first four years of the war. The
aircraft was credited with nearly 53% of MiG kills in Vietnam.

The most frequently used fighter versions of the Crusader in Vietnam were
the C, D, and E models although the H and J were also used. The Charlie
carried only Sidewinders on fuselage racks, and were assigned such missions
as CAP (Combat Air Patrol), flying at higher altitudes. The Echo model had a
heavier reinforced wing able to carry extra Sidewinders or bombs, and were
used to attack ground targets, giving it increased vulnerability. The Echo
version launched with less fuel, to accommodate the larger bomb store, and
frequently arrived back at ship low on fuel. The RF models were equipped for
photo reconnaissance.

The combat attrition rate of the Crusader was comparable to similar
fighters. Between 1964 to 1972, eighty-three Crusaders were either lost or
destroyed by enemy fire. Another 109 required major rebuilding. 145 Crusader
pilots were recovered; 57 were not. Twenty of these pilots were captured and
released. The other 43 remained missing at the end of the war.

Lt.Cdr. Kenneth E. Hume was the pilot of an F8D. On March 29, 1965, Hume's
aircraft crashed at sea at a point near Dao Bach Long Vi island in the Gulf
of Tonkin. No parachute was observed, nor was an ejection seat seen. Hume
was declared Killed/Body Not Recovered. As Defense Department records list
Hume's loss as hostile loss, it is presumed that he was either launching or
returning from a combat mission when he crashed.

Since the war ended, nearly 10,000 reports relating to Americans missing,
prisoner or unaccounted for in Southeast Asia have been received by the U.S.
Government. Many authorities who have examined this largely classified
information are convinced that hundreds of Americans are still held captive
today. Fighter pilots in Vietnam were called upon to fly in many dangerous
circumstances, and were prepared to be wounded, killed, or captured. It
probably never occurred to them that they could be abandoned by the country
they proudly served.




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Lieutenant Commander Kenneth Edward Hume entered the U.S. Navy from Ohio and was a member of Fighter Squadron 154, embarked aboard the USS Coral Sea (CVA 43). On March 29, 1965, he piloted a single-seat F-8D Crusader (bureau number 148668, call sign "City Desk 408") that was lead in a flight of two returning to the Coral Sea from a strike mission over North Vietnam. On his approach to the carrier, LCDR Hume's aircraft crashed for unknown reasons into the Gulf of Tonkin in the vicinity of (GC) 48Q YH 736 208. The wingman observed LCDR Hume's canopy leave prior to the aircraft spiraling, but did not observe the ejection seat leave the aircraft or any sign that LCDR Hume survived. An extensive search was carried out but failed to locate the downed pilot. His remains were not recovered. Today, Lieutenant Commander Hume is memorialized on the Courts of the Missing at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific.

Based on all information available, DPAA assessed the individual's case to be in the analytical category of Non-recoverable.

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