Name: Gerald Green
Rank/Branch: O2/US Navy
Date of Birth: 09 July 1939
Home City of Record: Ft. Morgan CO
Date of Loss: 12 September 1965
Country of Loss: North Vietnam/Over Water ** (See text)
Loss Coordinates: 200459N 1054959E (BL300500) ** (See text)
Status (in 1973): Killed/Body Not Recovered
Category: 5
Aircraft/Vehicle/Ground: F8E
Refno: 0142
Other Personnel in Incident: (none missing)

Source: Compiled by Homecoming II Project 15 April 1990 from one or more of
the following: raw data from U.S. Government agency sources, correspondence
with POW/MIA families, published sources, interviews. Updated by the P.O.W.


SYNOPSIS: The Vought F8 "Crusader" saw action early in U.S. involvement in
Southeast Asia. Its fighter models participated both in the first Gulf of
Tonkin reprisal in August 1964 and in the myriad attacks against North
Vietnam during Operation Rolling Thunder. The Crusader was used exclusively
by the Navy and Marine air wings (although there is one U.S. Air Force pilot
reported shot down on an F8) and represented half or more of the carrier
fighters in the Gulf of Tonkin during the first four years of the war. The
aircraft was credited with nearly 53% of MiG kills in Vietnam.

The most frequently used fighter versions of the Crusader in Vietnam were
the C, D, and E models although the H and J were also used. The Charlie
carried only Sidewinders on fuselage racks, and were assigned such missions
as CAP (Combat Air Patrol), flying at higher altitudes. The Echo model had a
heavier reinforced wing able to carry extra Sidewinders or bombs, and were
used to attack ground targets, giving it increased vulnerability. The Echo
version launched with less fuel, to accommodate the larger bomb store, and
frequently arrived back at ship low on fuel. The RF models were equipped for
photo reconnaissance.

The combat attrition rate of the Crusader was comparable to similar
fighters. Between 1964 to 1972, eighty-three Crusaders were either lost or
destroyed by enemy fire. Another 109 required major rebuilding. 145 Crusader
pilots were recovered; 57 were not. Twenty of these pilots were captured and
released. The other 43 remained missing at the end of the war.

Lt.JG Gerald Green was the pilot of an F8E assigned a mission over North
Vietnam on September 12, 1965. At a point in Thanh Hoa Province, about 15
miles west of the city of Phat Diem, Green's aircraft was shot down. The
aircraft crashed. Rescue efforts failed to recover Green, and little hope
was held out for his survival. Green was declared Killed/Body Not Recovered.

(NOTE: Grid coordinates (BL30050) do not correlate with coordinates given
above (200459N 1054959E). Coordinates place the loss in Thanh Hoa province
some 10 miles inland, while other records indicate that Green ditched over
water. The BL grids support an over/water loss, but not off the coast of
North Vietnam. BL grids are located off the coast of South Vietnam in the
South China Sea. It is impossible for the aircraft to have gotten from one
point to another, and it is assumed that the BL grids are incorrect.
Therefore, since Defense Department records indicate an over/water loss, it
is assumed that the aircraft was hit and turned out to sea to facilitate an
easier rescue, and probably went down near the coast of North Vietnam in the
Thanh Hoa region.)

Since the war ended, nearly 10,000 reports relating to Americans missing,
prisoner or unaccounted for in Southeast Asia have been received by the U.S.
Government. Many authorities who have examined this largely classified
information are convinced that hundreds of Americans are still held captive
today. Fighter pilots in Vietnam were called upon to fly in many dangerous
circumstances, and were prepared to be wounded, killed, or captured. It
probably never occurred to them that they could be abandoned by the country
they proudly served.




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Lieutenant Junior Grade (LTJG) Gerald Green entered the U.S. Navy from Colorado and served in Fighter Squadron 191, embarked aboard the aircraft carrier USS Bon Homme Richard (CV 31). On September 12, 1965, he took off in a single-seat F-8E Crusader (bureau number 150331) as one in a flight of four aircraft on a strike mission. On the return flight, the aircraft entered an area of heavy rain and low visibility, and the flight leader radioed to LTJG Green that he was low and needed to pull up. Shortly thereafter, LTJG Green's aircraft struck the water and sank in the vicinity of (GC) 49P BL 300 500. Search and rescue teams were at the crash site within minutes but found no sign of LTJG Green and only recovered small fragments of his aircraft. Today, Lieutenant Junior Grade Green is memorialized on the Courts of the Missing at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific. 

Based on all information available, DPAA assessed the individual's case to be in the analytical category of Non-recoverable.

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