Name: Andrew Thomas Brassfield
Rank/Branch: E6/US Army Special Forces
Unit: CCN/MACV-SOG, 5th Special Forces Group
Date of Birth: 04 February 1937 (St. Louis MO)
Home City of Record: Sylvania OH
Date of Loss: 06 April 1970
Country of Loss: Laos
Loss Coordinates: 161932N 1065123E (XD983057)
Status (in 1973): Killed/Body Not Recovered
Category: 2
Aircraft/Vehicle/Ground: Ground
Refno: 1586
Other Personnel in Incident: (none missing)

Source: Compiled from one or more of the following: raw data from U.S.
Government agency sources, correspondence with POW/MIA families,
published sources, interviews. Updated by the P.O.W. NETWORK in 2017.


SYNOPSIS: SSgt. Andrew T. Brassfield was assigned to MACV-SOG (Military
Assistance Command, Vietnam Studies and Observation Group). MACV-SOG was a
joint service high command unconventional warfare task force engaged in
highly classified operations throughout Southeast Asia. The 5th Special
Forces channeled personnel into MACV-SOG (although it was not a Special
Forces group) through Special Operations Augmentation (SOA), which provided
their "cover" while under secret orders to MACV-SOG. The teams performed
deep penetration missions of strategic reconnaissance and interdiction which
were called, depending on the time frame, "Shining Brass" or "Prairie Fire"

On April 6, 1970, SSgt. Brassfield was operating in Laos with a team known
as Reconnaissance Team Missouri on an intelligence gathering mission. The
team was operating about 5 miles inside Laos east of Muong Nong in
Savannakhet Province.

As the team stopped for a rest, it came under heavy enemy fire. In
attempting to gain better cover, Brassfield was fatally wounded. The
remaining team members were unable to recover his body because they had all
been injured and were unable to carry him while trying to break contact with
the enemy. Brassfield was never found.

For every insertion like Brassfield's that were detected and stopped, dozens
of other commando teams safely slipped past NVA lines to strike a wide range
of targets and collect vital information. The number of MACV-SOG missions
conducted with Special Forces reconnaissance teams into Laos and Cambodia
was 452 in 1969. It was the most sustained American campaign of raiding,
sabotage and intelligence-gathering waged on foreign soil in U.S. military
history. MACV-SOG's teams earned a global reputation as one of the most
combat effective deep-penetration forces ever raised.

The missions Brassfield and others were assigned were exceedingly dangerous
and of strategic importance. The men who were put into such situations knew
the chances of their recovery if captured was slim to none. They quite
naturally assumed that their freedom would come by the end of the war. For
591 Americans, freedom did come at the end of the war. For another 2500,
however, freedom has never come.

Since the war ended, nearly 10,000 reports relating to missing Americans in
Southeast Asia have been received by the U.S., convincing many authorities
that hundreds remain alive in captivity. While Brassfield may not be among
them, what would he think of his country abandoning its best men?





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Staff Sergeant (SSG) Andrew Thomas Brassfield entered the U.S. Army from Ohio and was a member of the Special Operations Augmentation, Command and Control North,  Military Assistance Command, Vietnam - Studies and Observation Group, 5th Special Forces Group. On April 6, 1970, he was operating with Reconnaissance Team Missouri on an intelligence gathering mission (vicinity of 48Q XD 983 057), five miles inside Laos and east of Muong Nong in Savannakhet Province. The team stopped for a rest, at which point they came under heavy enemy fire. In attempting to seek better cover, SSG Brassfield was mortally wounded. As they attempted to break contact with the enemy, the other members of his team were all injured and were unable to move SSG Brassfield's body. Further attempts to recover his remains were made but were prevented by strong enemy presence in the area, and searches after the war to locate them were unsuccessful. Today, SSG Brassfield is memorialized on the Courts of the Missing at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific.

Based on all information available, DPAA assessed the individual's case to be in the analytical category of Active Pursuit.

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