Name: Mohammed Mubarak Rank/Branch: Unit: Lt.Col./Kuwaiti Air Force Age: Home City: Kuwait Date of Loss: 16 January 1991 Country of Loss: Loss Coordinates: Status: Released Prisoner of War Acft/Vehicle/Ground:
Other Personnel in Incident:
Source: Compiled by Homecoming II Project 09 March 1991 from one or more of the following: raw data from U.S. Government agency sources, published sources, interviews. Updated 2002
REMARKS: OPERATION DESERT STORM
SYNOPSIS: On January 16, 1991, Allied forces began concentrated air strikes on Iraqi military targets in Iraq and Kuwait. Participating in the strikes were U.S., British, Italian and Kuwaiti air forces. The United Kingdom had the second largest military contingent of troops after the U.S. with 35-40,000 troops, 75 Tornado fighter/bombers, and sixteen warships.
Kuwaiti Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Mohammed Mubarak was a pilot flying in the first wave of strikes. During the strike, his aircraft was shot down. It is not possible from early reports to determine the exact locations of the losses.
Mubarak was captured by Iraqi forces. In all, seven Allied airmen were shot down captured in the first waves of strikes.
On January 20, 1991, Mubarak appeared on Iraqi television in an apparent propaganda effort by his Iraqi captors. First the voice interviews, followed by the videotapes, were released by Cable News Network (CNN). The prisoners appeared to be speaking under extreme duress. Also on January 20, the Iraqis stated that their POWs would be used as "human shields" to protect their important military targets from strikes by Allied forces.
British Prime Minister John Major immediately charged that Iraq's treatment of Allied POWs was "wholly objectionable" and against the Geneva accords for treatment of prisoners of war. U.S. Vice President Dan Quail said that Iraqi leaders would be held "personally" responsible for the obvious mistreatment of Allied POWs.
According to national television, all Coalition POWs were released by March 6 except for one Kuwaiti. It is assumed, but not known, that Mubarak was among those released. U.S. media did not focus on Coalition POWs from other nations to the extent that all names were immediately known.