[0586-71.CM 04/19/96]

[NETWORK NOTE: This document was scanned and retyped to make it an ASCII file.
The Block format of a USG document was altered to just "text")

REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES

DECLASSIFIED PER EXECUTIVE ORDER 12356, SECTION 3.3, NND PROJECT
NUMBER NIYD96F002, BY  RB/VSW, DATE 2/16/96

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE REPORT
Note: This Document contains information affecting the national defense of the
United States within the meaning of the espionage laws. Title 18, U.S.C., Sec
793 and 794. The transmission or revelation of its contents in any manner to an
unauthorized person is prohibited by law.

CONFIDENTIAL

This report contains unprocessed information. Plans and/or policies should not
be evolved or modified solely on the basis of this report.
 
                                                [RAND STAMPED
                                                W30529]

1.   COUNTRY: VN; HAI PHONG AND HAI HUNG Provinces

2.   SUBJECT: (U)   OB of the HAIPONG Air Defense Hq

3.   ISC NUMBER:   730.300      738.300     747.000

4.   DATE OF INFORMATION: Mar 64 to Nov 69

5.   PLACE AND DATE OF ACQ:   CMIC, SAIGON, VS   25 May 71

6.   EVALUATION:   SOURCE     F      INFORMATION      6

7.   SOURCE:   PW Interrogation

8.   REPORT NUMBER:   6 029 0586 71

9.   DATE OF REPORT:   28 May 71

10.  NO. OF PAGES:   9

11.  REFERENCES:   DIRM:   1G2c, 1G3b, 1J2, 1K1      MACV ICP:   ORI-1

12.  ORIGINATOR: US Element, CMIC, USMACV

13.  PREPARED BY:   CLAUDE R.  BRODEUR SP6, USA

14.  APPROVING AUTHORITY:   RODNEY DICKSON   LTC, USA Dir, US Elm, CMIC

15.  SUMMARY:


(C) This report contains limited OB information derived from ARVN
Interrogation Report No 1767/TTTVHH/BT concerning the organization of the
HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq, to include unit history, mission, composition,
organization, personnel strength, weapons, equipment, and personalities.  Of
particular interest in this report are the exact locations of the headguarters
elements of the HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq and its subordinate units.

1.  (C) Background Information:

a.  Name:   NGUYEN NGOC NHIEM (NGUYEENX, NGOCV NHIEEMV), CMIC 0084-71

b.  Rank:   ASP

c.  Position and Unit of Assignment: Asst Plat Ldr; 3d Plat, 2d Co, 539th Inf
Bn, 82nd Rear Svc Gp

d.  DPOB: 1945; DAI DIEN Hamlet, TAN VIEN Village, AN LAO District, HAI PHONG
Province, NVN

16. DISTRIBUTION BY ORIGINATOR:
    DIA                    1 cy
    DIRNSA                 1 cy
    SAC                    1 cy
    CINPAC                 1 cy
    CINPAC AF              2 cys
    CINCUSARPAC            2 cys
    COMUSMACTHAI           1 cy
    MACJ212-2              2 cys
    MACJ213-1              1 cy
    MACJ23                 1 cy
    MACJ231               10 cys

17. DOWNGRADING DATA: GROUP 3
    DOWNGRADED AT 12 YEAR INTERVALS NOT AUTOMATICALLY DECLASSIFIED
    THIS DOCUMENT IS RELEASEABLE TO REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM AND FREE WORLD
    MILITARY ASSISTANCE FORCES

18: ATTACHMENT DATA: None

                                                PAGE 2 of 9

e.  Parents' Names: Father, NGUYEN NGOC TA (NGUYEENX, NGOCV TAS), deceased;
Mother, BUI THI DIEP (BUIL, THIV ZIEEPV), living

f.  Circumstances of Capture.  On 15 Jun 70, while being escorted to a rice
cache by two Cambodian civilians, Source was captured by an unidentified ARVN
unit at PHUM KHNA Village, TBONG KHUM District, KOMPONG CHAM Province,
CAMBODIA. Source was not armed at the time of capture; he was apprehended for
not having proper travel documents.  The two Cambodians had proper
documentation and were released.

g. Significant Activities:

(1)   1953 to 1968.  Source attended school at his POB from VIEN Village,
until Feb 65.  In Feb 65, he enlisted in the NVN Air Force and was assigned to
the Generator Sqd, 3d Plat, 62d Air Defense Co, 240th Air Defense Regt,
HAIPHONG City Air Defense Hq, HANOI Air Defense High Command, located at CAT
BI Airfield, HAIPHONG City, NVN.  While Source was assigned to this unit, he
worked as a maintenance man on Soviet manufactured CPO-30 generators.  In Aug
65, he was promoted to PFC. In Jul 66, he was promoted to corporal and
reassigned to the Generator Squad, 3d Plat, 174th Air Defense co, 97th Air
Defense Bn, 213th Air Defense Regt, HAIPHONG City Air Defense Hq, HANOI Air
Defense High Command, and worked as a maintenance man on Soviet manufactured
APG-15, CPO-30, and PC-3 generators at PHU LUONG Bridge, HAI HUNG Province,
NVN.  In Feb 68, Source was promoted to sergeant and sent to the SON TAY
Officer Academy, SON TAY City, HA TAY Province, NVN.  After the completion of
a six-month course, he was graduated and promoted to aspirant.

(2)   1968 to 1970.  In Aug 68, Source was assigned as an instructor for the
530th Inf Bn, 42d Inf Regt, 350th Inf Div, located on YEN TU Mountain, QUANG
NINH Province, NVN.  As an instructor, he had the mission of training squad
leaders and assistant squad leaders in basic infantry tactics and infiltration
procedures.  In Feb 69, Source's students were sent to the RVN, but he
remained behind in NVN. In Apr 69, a new group of personnel arrived at YEN TU
Mountain, and Source instructed them in basic infantry tactics.  On 10 Nov 69,
he became a member of the 539th Inf Training Bn, redesignated the 2158th Infil
Gp, and began infiltration to the RVN, but that it would temporarily be
attached to the 82d Rear Svc Group to provide security for supply movements
from MEMOT City, CAMBODIA, to the CHUP Plantation, KOMPONG CHAM Province,
CAMBODIA. Source remained with this unit until he was captured on 15 Jun 70.

h.  Additional References: CMIC PW/Rallier Exploitation Guide; Map: OACSIA
Project No P-28D-23 TacCTA, HAIPHONG, VIETNAM, Sheet 1 of 2 (Orientation and
HAIPHONG Urban Area Map), dtd Feb 63, Scale 1:12,500; OACSIA Project No
P-28D-23 TacCTA, HAIPHONG, VIETNAM, Sheet 2 of 2 (Terrain Analysis Map), dtd
Feb 63, Scale 1:50,000

PAGE 3 of 9

2.  (C)    OB of the HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq, HANOI Air Defense High Command:  

a.  Unit History.  In 1959, the 240th Air Defense Regt was activated to
provide for the defense of HAI PHONG Province, NVN.  After Allied bombings
began in NVN, in Aug 64, the NVN government realized the necessity to increase
its air defense capability.  By the end of 1964, the NVN government augmented
the 240th Air Defense Regt with two additional air defense regiments,
designated the 212th and 213th Air Defense Regiments.  Because of the
augmented size of these units, the NVN government also established a unified
command control headquarters, designated the HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq, which
was made directly subordinate to the HANOI Air Defense High Command.  This
command was still in existence at the time of Source's departure for the RVN
in Nov 69, although Allied bombings had stopped in Mar 68.

b.  Mission.  The mission of the HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq was to provide
effective countermeasures against Allied bombings in HAI PHONG and HAI HUNG
Provinces, NVN, with emphasis on National Route 5, and the surrounding
strategic military installations. The mission of the subordinate units of the
HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq were as follows:

(1)   212th Air Defense Regt.  This regiment was responsible for the security
of National Route 5 and military installations within the northwestern portion
of HAI PHONG Province, NVN.

(2)   213th Air Defense Regt.  This regiment was responsible for the security
of National Route No 5, from HAI DUONG City, HAI HUNG Province, NVN, to the
HAI PHONG Province boundary, and for the defense of the LAI VU Bridge.

(3)   240th Air Defense Regt. This regiment was responsible for the security
of bridges and military installations in the south-eastern portion of HAI
PHONG Province, NVN.

c.  Composition:

(1) Identification of Unit:

(a) Name/Numerical Designation: HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq

(b) Code Names/Cover Names: Unknown

(c) Type of Unit: Administrative (air defense)

(d) LBNs: Unknown

(e) Echelon/Size: Division

(f) Date of Unit Designation: 1964

(g) Previous Designtion: None

(h) Method Used to Select Unit Designation: Unknown

PAGE 4 OF 9

(2) Identification of Subordinate Units:

(a) 212th Air Defense Regt:

1   Name/Numerical Designation: 212th Air Defense Regt

2   Code Names/Cover Names: E-212 Regt

3   Type of Unit: Air defense

4    LBNs: Unknown

5    Echelon/Size: Regiment

6   Date of Unit Designation: 1964

7   Previous Designation: 212th AA Regt

8   Method Used to Select Unit Desgination: Unknown

(b) 213th Air Defense Regt:

1   Name/Numerical Designation: 213th Air Defense Regt

2   Code Numbers/Cover Names: E-213 Regt

3   Type of Unit: Air defense

4   LBNs: Unknown

5   Echelon/Size: Regiment

6   Date of Unit Designation: 1964

7   Previous Designation: 213th AA Regt

8   Method Used to Select Unit Designation:   Unknown

(c) 240th Air Defense Regt:

1   Name/Numerical Designation: 240th Air Defense Regt

2   Code Names/Cover Numbers: E-240 Regt

3   Type of Unit: Air defense

4   LBNs: Unknown

5   Echelon/Size: Regiment

6   Date of Unit Designation: 1959

7   Previous Designation: None

8   Method Used to Select Unit Designation: Unknown

                                                PAGE 5 OF 9

(3) Identification of Parent Unit:

(a) Name/Numerical Designation: HANOI Air Defense High Command

(b) Code Names/ Cover Numbers: Unknown

(c) Type of Unit: Command Hq

(d) LBNs: Unknown

(e) Echelon/Size: Command control element of all air defense units of NVN 

(f)   Date of Unit Designation: Unknown

(g) Previous Designation: HANOI Artillery High Command

(h) Method Used to Select Unit Designation: Unknown

(4) Organization   (For organization chart, see page      ):

(a) HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq.  The HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq ws composed of an
unknown command headquarters element and three air defense regiemtns,
designated E-212, E-213, and E-240.

(b) 212th Air Defense Regt.  Source could provide no information concerning
the organization of the 212th Air Defense Regt.

(c) 213th Air Defense Regt.  Source knew only the designation of one battalion
subordinate to the 213th Air Defense Regt, which was 97th AA Bn.  The 97th AA
Bn was divided into three artillery companies, designated C-174, C-175, and
C-176.  The C-174 Co consisted of two artillery platoons, designated 1 and 2 ;
one survery platoon, designated 3; and one command platoon designated 4.

(d) 240th Air Defense Regt.  The 240th Air Defense Regt consisted of 10
subordinate companies: four artillery companies, designated the 62d through
65th, two 100mm AA companies (designation unknown), two 37mm and 23mm AA
companies (designation unknown), one signal company (designation unknown), and
one reconnaissance and accounting (sic) company (designation unknown).  The
62d 57mm AA Co was subdivided into four platoons: two artillery platoons,
designated 1 and 2, one survey platoon, designated 3, and one command platoon,
designated 4.

d.   Disposition:

(1) Location.  The following are the locations of the HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq
and its subordinate units known to Source:

HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq: (vic XJ745139)

Hq, 213th Air Defense Regt: (vic XJ386183)

Hq, 240th Air Defense Regt: (vic XJ775076)

Hq, 97th AA Bn: (vic XJ415154)

Hq, C-174 AA Co: (vic XJ415155)

Hq, 62d AA Co: (vic XJ806027)

(2)   Unit Facilities.   Information concerning the unit facilities of the
HAIPHONG Air Defense  was not discussed in the ARVN Interrogation Report.

e.  Strength:

(1) Personnel.  Source culd not estimate the personnel strength of the
HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq, but he provided the strengths of the following
subordinate units:

97th AA Bn, 213th Air Defense Regt:   (400)

C-174 AA Co, 97th AA Bn: (120)

62d AA Co, 240th Air Defense Regt: (110)

(2) Personnel Losses and Replacements.  Information concerning personnel
losses and replacements was not discussed in the ARVN Interrogation Report.

f.    Weapons and Ammunition.  The following information provides type and
number of weapons in units of which Source had knowledge:

(1) 213th Air Defense Regt.  This regiment was equipped with an unknown number
of 100mm AA Guns, 57mm AA Guns, 37mm AA Guns, and 23mm AA Guns.

(2) 97th AA Bn.  This battalion was equipped with 24 100mm AA Guns.

(3) 240th Air Defense Regt.  This regiment was equipped with an unknown number
of the following weapons:

37mm AA Guns

23mm AA Guns

14.5mm AA Guns

12.7mm Heavy Machine Guns

57mm AA Guns

100mm AA Guns
 
PAGE 7 of   9

The 57mm and 100mm AA Guns of the regiment were not issued to the unit until
1966.  Information concerning the ammunition for the units' weapons was not
included in the ARVN Interrrogation Report.

g.  Equipment.  The HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq maintained the following type of
equipment which was used in conjunction with its AA weapons:

COH-9A Radar Sets

K-6 Command Control Sets (Radio)

CPO-30 Generator Sets

APG-15 Generator Sets

PC-3 Generator Sets

II-49 Homing Devices

h.  Personalities:

(1) HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq:

CO: COL VAN GIANG (VEAN, JANG)

CofS: LTC VINH (VINH)

(2) 213th Air Defense Regt:

CO: LTC CAT (CATS)

XO: MAJ LAN (LAAN)

PO: LTC LE HUNG (LEE, HUWNG)

CofS: Sr CPT TRAN QUANG CHAT (TRAANL, QANG CHAATS)

Chief of Political Staff: Sr CPT HOANG XUAN DAN (HOANGL, XUAAN ZAANL)

Chief of Rear Svc: Sr CPT PHAN (FAN)

(3) 97th AA Bn, 213th Air Defense Regt:

CO: Sr CPT DOAN (DOAN)

XO: CPT LOI (LOWIV)

PO: Sr CPT LE NGOC NGHIA (LEE, NGOCV NGHIAX)

Asst PO: CPT THANH (THANHV)

Adjutant: ASP CHUC (CHUCS)

(4) C-174 CO, 97TH   AA Bn:

CO: Sr LT CA (CA)

XO: LT HUNG (HUNGL)

PO: Sr LT CA (CA)

Asst PO: LT ME (MES)

(5) 240th Air Defense Regt:

CO: MAJ DIEN (DIEENV)

PO: MAJ TONG TRONG (TOONGS, TRONGV)

(6) 62d AA Co, 240th Air Defense Regt:

CO: CPT LE VAN (LEE, VEAN)

XO: Sr LT THU (THUWS)

PO: CPT NHAN (NHAAN)

Source could not provide the personalities included in the 212th Air Defense
Regt or its subordinate units.  Information concerning physical data of the
above-mentioned personalities was not included in the ARVN Interrogation
Report.

(U) COMMENTS: This report is based on the translation of an ARVN Interrogation
Report, and is therefore limited.  The sincerity or cooperativeness of the
Source cannot be determined.

Page 9 of   9

Organizational chart of the HAIPHONG Air Defense Hq as provided
by captive NGUYEN NGOC NHIEM, CMIC 0084-71 (DOI: Nov 69)

[NETWORK NOTE: a copy of the Organization chart
is available - call or write using the file number 0586-71.]