[0290-71.CM 04/13/96] [NETWORK NOTE: This document was scanned and retyped to make it an ASCII file. The Block format of a USG document was altered to just "text") REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES DECLASSIFIED PER EXECUTIVE ORDER 12356, SECTION 3.3, NND PROJECT NUMBER NIYD 96F002, BY RB/VSW, DATE 2/16/96 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE REPORT Note: This Document contains information affecting the national defense of the United States within the meaning of the espionage laws. Title 18, U.S.C., Sec 793 and 794. The transmission or revelation of its contents in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. CONFIDENTIAL This report contains unprocessed information. Plans and/or policies should not be evolved or modified solely on the basis of this report. [RAND STAMPED W28692] 1. COUNTRY: CB SVAY RIENG AND PREY VENG Provinces 2. SUBJECT: (U) NVA Proselyting Activities 3. ISC NUMBER: 702.000 4. DATE OF INFORMATION: Jun 69 to Sep 70 5. PLACE AND DATE OF ACQ: CMIC, SAIGON, VS 18 Mar 71 6. EVALUATION: SOURCE F INFORMATION 6 7. SOURCE: PW Interrogation 8. REPORT NUMBER: 6 029 0290 71 9. DATE OF REPORT: 22 Mar 71 10. NO. OF PAGES: 4 11. REFERENCES: DIRM: 1K3 GUN BOAT ICP 12. ORIGINATOR: US ELEMENT, CMIC, USMACV 13. PREPARED BY: LAWRENCE L. SCHNEIDER SP 5, USA 14. APPROVING AUTHORITY: (SIGNED) RODNEY DICKSON MAJ, USA Dir, US Elm, CMIC 15: SUMMARY: (C) This report contains limited information concerning civilian and enemy proselyting activities of the Political Cell, 8th Inf Bn, 88th Regt, MR-2, primarily in CAMBODIA. Included is information concerning leaflets, tape recordings of PRINCE SIHANOUK, procedures in selecting village chiefs, and general effectiviness. THIS REPORT PARTIALLY SATISFIES THE REQUIREMENTS OF GUN BOAT ICP (BTA UNK). 1. (C) Background Information: a. Name: NGUYEN VAN THANH (NGUYEENX, VEAN THANHL), aka THANH LONG (THANHL, LONG), CMIC 0095-71 b. Rank: SGT c. Position and Unit of Assignment: Chief; Civilian and Enemy Proselyting Subcell, Political Cell, 8th Ing Bn, 88th Regt, MR2. d. DPOB: 1942, THUONG LAN Village, VIET YEN District, HA BAC Province, NVN 16. DISTRIBUTION BY ORIGINATOR: DIA 1 cy DIRNSA 1 cy SAC 1 cy CINPAC 1 cy CINPAC AF 2 cys CINCUSARPAC 2 cys COMUSMACTHAI 1 cy MACJ212-2 2 cys MACJ213-1 1 cy MACJ23 1 cy MACJ231 1 cy 17. DOWNGRADING DATA: GROUP 3 DOWNGRADED AT 12 YEAR INTERVALS NOT AUTOMATICALLY DECLASSIFIED THIS DOCUMENT IS RELEASEABLE TO REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM AND FREE WORLD MILITARY ASSISTANCE FORCES 18: ATTACHMENT DATA: None Page 2 of 4 e. Parents' Names: Father, NGUYEN VAN PHUNG (NGUYEENX, VEAN FUNGL), living; Mother, NGUYEN THI GAI (NGUYEENX, THIV GAIS), deceased f. Circumstances of Capture. At the end of Jan 71, Source escaped from a rehabilitarion camp, located in the jungle of northern SVAY RIENG Province, CAMBODIA, where he had been imprisoned for desertion. Source hid in the jungle until contacted by his wife, LE THI TAO (LEE,THIV TAOV), CMIC 0096-71. Source and his wife traveled toward Highway 1, with the intention of rallying to the GVN. On 10 Feb 71, they reached CO SO Village, SVAY RIENG Province, and were captured by an ARVN patrol. g. Significant Activities: (1) 1955 to Jul 67. From 1955 to 1958, Source attended school at his POB; after completing his education, he worked as a farmer. On 12 Apr 62, Source was drafted into the NVA and received artillery and airborne training as a member of the 2d Co, 5th Arty Bn, 305th Abn Bde, located in LUC NGAN District, HA BAC Province. In May 63, Source was promoted to PFC and was sent to the 305th Abn Bde NCO Training School. Upon completion of the school, in Mar 64, he ws promoted to corporal and was assigned to the 14th Arty Co, 305th Abn Bde. In Jul 64, Source contracted tuberculosis and was sent to the 74th Hospital, located in VINH PHUC Province; he returned to the 14th Arty Co in Nov 64, where he served as a security guard due to his poor health. In Jul 65, Source received a medical discharge and returned to his POB, where he worked at the HA BOI Cooperative and served in the village militia. (2) Jul 67 to DOC. In Jul 67, Source was recalled into the NVA, and was assigned to the 2d Co, 504th Bn, 330th Div, for three months of training. In Dec 67, he was promoted to sergeant and began infiltration with the 283rd Infil Gp. In May 68, the group arrived in TAY NINH Province, RVN, where Source was assigned to the Recon Plat, 8th Bn, 88th Regt, located in the NHA THUC Jungle of TAY NINH Province. On 24 Aug 68, Source was wounded and was sent to Hospital 71, located near the border of CAMBODIA. In Nov 68 he was discharged and returned to his unit, located in CU CHI District, HAU NGHIA Province. In mar 69, the 88th Regt moved to the XOM GIUA area, CAMBODIA, to recruit and train. In Jun 69, Source was transferred to the Political Cell, 8th Inf Bn, 88th Regt, MR-2. After a brief incursion into the RVN, the battalion moved to western and northern SVAY RIENG Province, where it engaged ARVN and Cambodian forces. Source engaged in civilian proselyting in nearby villages; on 14 Sep 70, he left his unit, and went to TRA TIA Village, BAPHNUM District, PREY VENG Province, to marry and live with his wife. In Dec 70, he was apprehended by the NVA and was imprisoned in a rehabilitation camp of MR-2, located in northern SVAY RIENG Province. In Jan 71, he escaped and was captpured by ARVN troops on 10 Feb 71. h. Additional References. CMIC PW/Rallier Exploitation Guide; IR 6 029 0289 71 2. (C) NVA Proselyting Activities in CAMBODIA: Page 3 of 4 a. General. In Jun 69, Source was transferred to the Political Cell of the 8th Inf Bn. At this time, Source was assigned to the Civilian and Enemy Proselyting Subcell, Political Cell, working under CHI (CHIR), subcell chief, who taught him the fundamentals of proselyting activity. At this time, the 8th Bn was resting in isolated area, and proselyting was not possible. In Oct 69, CHI was transferred to the RVN, and Source became the sole member of the Civilian and Enemy Proselyting Subcell. The Political Cell consisted of one other subcell, the Security Subcell; the total strength of the Political Cell varied from three to five men. In early 70, the battalion moved into the RVN, where Source participated in leaflet distribution. The battalion remained in the RVN only a short time, then returned to SVAY RIENG Province, CAMBODIA, to engage Allied forces. From Apr to Sep 70, Source participated in the proselyting of civilians in western SVAY RIENG District, and neighboring areas of BAPHNUM District, PREY VENG Province; he also provided security for a special proselyting cell, distributed leaflets to combat units, and provided food and supplies for the Political Cell. b. Leaflets in the RVN. During the 8th Inf Bn's brief incursion into the RVN, which was limited to western KIEN TUONG Province, Source was responsible for collecting leaflets from the KIEN TUONG Province Unit for distribution to cmbat units going on missions. Soldiers were instructed to leave the leaflets at the site of a contact with US or ARVN forces. Vietnamese language leaflets asked GVN troops to leave their currupt government and return to the VC; these leaflets had varying contents, but Source could not recall specific messages. Source could not read English language leaflets. Source could provide no information concerning the origin of these leaflets; he obtained them for a member of the Political Cell, KIEN TUNG Province Unit. c. Leaflets in CAMBODIA. Source was permanently based in western SVAY RIENG District, SVAY RIENG Province; the 8th Inf Bn moved in and out of the area. When the battalion was in the area preparing to go on a mission, Source obtained leaflets from the Political Cell of the SVAY RIENG Province Unit. These leaflets were given to soldiers of combat units scheduled for missions; they were to drop them along trails and at the site of contacts with the enemy. All leaflets were in Cambodian, and Source was unable to read them. Leaflets ceased to be available after late Jul 70. d. Special Proselyting Cell. In early Apr 70, a three man cell (origin and subordination unknown) arrived in the area; for five days they visited villages in the area, bradcasting the voice of PRINCE SIHANOUK in Cambodian from a tape recorder. This recorder was a reel-to-reel type, and had a separate speaker approximately 30 centimeters square (NFI). As the cell toured the villages, Source accompanied them, armed with an AK-47 to provide security. As the cell left the 8th Inf Bn area, one cell member, HUE (HUEEV), an ethnic Vietnamese who spoke Cambodian, was left behind to serve as an interpreter for the battalion. In Mar 70, HUE accompanied the battalion on an attack to aid in the interrogation of possible prisoners. He was wounded and died on the way to a hospital. Page 4 of 4 d. Proselything Activities. Source's duties included visiting local villages and speaking to the people about the validity of the Communist cause and that of SIHANOUK; Source used various interpreters, frequently Vietnamese living in the area. Speeches were improvised; Source's only guidance was the instructions received from CHI when he first joined the unit and a paper written by the battalion political officer, outlining the customs of the Cambodian people. Source also collected rice and accompanied political cadre on visits to villages. e. Effectiveness. Proselyting programs were generally ineffective. Source knew of no results from leaflet distribution. He found that villagers listened politely to his propaganda talks, as they did to the voice of SIHANOUK during the visits of the proselyting cell, and occasionally seemed very receptive; but many fled the area and went to live in areas controlled by the government. Source was most familiar with TRA TIA Village, BAPHNUM District, PREY VENG Province, where he eventually deserted the NVA; in this village, all five village leaders, including the village chief, eventually fled to government controlled areas. Some Vietnamese were receptive, particularly when reminded of the widespread killing of Vietnamese by Cambodians after the overthrow of SIHANOUK, but many fled to TAY NINH Province, RVN. f. Personalities. Source recalled the following personalities involved with the political cell: PO, 8th Inf Bn: Sr LTKHAI (KHAIR); age 21, 1.5m, dark complexion, NVA; referred to as "The Kid" because of his youth Chief, Political Cell: Sr LT HONG (HOONGL); age 30, 1.50m, NVA Member, Political Cell: LTHAN (HAAN); age 22, 1.60m, light complexion, NVA; in charge of inspecting company political officers Member, Security Subcell, Political Cell: PFC NHUAN (NHUAANV); age 30, 1.50m, dark complexion, NVA Member, Political Cell: MY (MYR); a new arrival when Source deserted Ex-chief, Civilian and Enemy Proselyting Cell: (CHI (CHIR); age 30, 1.58m, dark complexion, NVA, cross-eyed, left unit in Oct 69 (C) COMMENTS: Source seemed to be cooperating to the best of his ability but was in an extremely depressed and nervous mental state which definitely hindered the progress of the interrogation. Source was unhappy about being classified a PW and was worried about his wife. Source was tested and scored Average (22) on the Cross- Cultural IQ test.