GADDIS, NORMAN CARL
Name: Norman Carl Gaddis Rank/Branch: O6/US Air Force Unit: 558 TFS Cam Rahn Bay 12 TFW Date of Birth: 30 September 1923 Home City of Record: Knoxville TN (family was in Winston/Salem NC) Date of Loss: 12 May 1967 Country of Loss: North Vietnam Loss Coordinates: 205900N 10592900 (WJ526201) (USG records) Loss coordinates per NG: 205856N 1053022E James Jeffersons loss coordinates: 205856N 1053022E (USG records) Status (in 1973): Returnee Category: Acft/Vehicle/Ground: F4C Missions: 73 Note: F-84G Fighter Pilot in the Korean War, TDY 31st TFW Other Personnel In Incident: James M. Jefferson (missing)
Source: Compiled by Homecoming II Project from one or more of the following: raw data from U.S. Government agency sources, correspondence with POW/MIA families, published sources, interviews. Updated loss coordinates by the P.O.W. NETWORK 2007.
REMARKS: 730304 RELSD BY DRV
SYNOPSIS: James M. Jefferson left sunny Florida to attend the United States Air Force Academy, where his brother had graduated in 1959. In 1964, Jefferson graduated and embarked on what seemed to be a promising career with the Air Force. After being trained on the F4 Phantom fighter jet, he was sent to Vietnam.
On May 12, 1967, Col. Norman C. Gaddis, with 1Lt. Jefferson serving as his bombardier/navigator, were sent on a mission over North Vietnam. When the flight was near the border of Ha Tay and Hoa Binh Provinces, North Vietnam, it was hit by enemy fire and crashed. Jefferson, as backseater, ejected first. Gaddis ejected second and was immediately captured by the North Vietnamese.
While Gaddis was a prisoner, he was shown a name tag and other items belonging to his crewman, which were in good condition. He believed that Jefferson had also been captured, although he never found him in the prison system in which he was being held. As the years passed, he began to lose hope of finding Jefferson alive.
In 1973, Gaddis was released with 590 other Americans. Shortly after his release, Gaddis referred to some 300 Americans still in prison in Vietnam. He publicly endorsed payment of reconstruction aid as a means of stability in Southeast Asia. President Nixon had promised reconstruction aid to the Vietnamese, but Congress ultimately vetoed its appropriation.
James M. Jefferson was not released, nor have the Vietnamese accounted for him since that day. His fate is unknown, like nearly 2500 other Americans still missing from Southeast Asia. Although the Vietnamese clearly know what happened to Jefferson, the U.S. has been helpless to extract that information from them.
Since 1973, over 10,000 reports have been received, convincing many experts that hundreds of Americans are still alive in the hands of the governments of Southeast Asia. One of them could be James M. Jefferson. What are we doing to bring him home?
James M. Jefferson was promoted to the rank of Major during the period he was maintained Missing in Action..
SOURCE: WE CAME HOME copyright 1977 Captain and Mrs. Frederic A Wyatt (USNR Ret), Barbara Powers Wyatt, Editor P.O.W. Publications, 10250 Moorpark St., Toluca Lake, CA 91602 Text is reproduced as found in the original publication (including date and spelling errors). UPDATE - 09/95 by the P.O.W. NETWORK, Skidmore, MO
NORMAN C. GADDIS Colonel - United States Air Force Shot Down: May 12, 1967 Released: March 4, 1973
On 12 May 1967 while on a mission near Hanoi I was hit by anti-aircraft guns. As I attempted to leave the target area, a MIG-17 pilot spotted my disabled aircraft and had little difficulty shooting it down. My pilot, Lt. James Jefferson, a fine young officer and a graduate of the Air Force Academy, ejected from the aircraft and I followed a few seconds later. Unfortunately, Jim Jefferson apparently did not survive the ejection. Later I saw a name tag which had been cut from his flight suit and a couple of other articles of his flying equipment.
I was captured immediately and taken directly to Hanoi-a prize catch for the North Vietnamese, since I was the first Colonel captured. My reception at the Hilton could not even by the most general terms be described as amicable and my captors often called me "stupid" since I didn't seem to know the answers to their questions. After three weeks of very brutal treatment I was placed in solitary confinement. At the end of 1000 days of solitary I was allowed to live with another senior officer.
At the time, I didn't understand why the North Vietnamese made a drastic policy change which improved our treatment. But I do now. It was the efforts of the American people and organizations such as the National League of Families, VIVA and the efforts of H. Ross Perot and other private citizens that brought about the change. This of course, is a value judgement on my part. Perhaps this will be assessed by the historians as an event that was caused by world opinion when the application of military force could not bring about the desired change. In any event, our treatment improved, as did our living conditions and our morale. Torture became less frequent and so did harassment. The Vietnamese seemed to pursue a "live and let live" policy toward us.
As things improved we began to see the "light at the end of the tunnel", albeit very dim. Our faith and confidence in our leaders was enhanced. Someday in the not too distant future we knew that America would secure our release with honor. Our job was simple-do always what was best for our country. We should never allow our desires to transcend the interests of our country.
I feel that we were fortunate to have a man such as Colonel John P. Flynn as our leader. His perceptions and persistency caused us to constantly re-evaluate our goals and our policies. And it is my belief that our image at the time of the release could be attributed to John Peter Flynn.
To all of you who have made our return possible, to all who helped our families, to all who prayed for our safe return, to all who waited faithfully and patiently, to all who shared our woes, to all who supported our nation, to all whose loved ones have not returned-I trust that the Divine Providence will bless you and give you strength. God Bless you!
------------------ Norman Gaddis retired from the United States Air Force as a Brig. General. He and his wife Hazel reside in North Carolina.
Hazel Gaddis, B/G Norman Gaddis' beloved wife passed away early Sunday
morning, 14 October, 2007 in a Rehabilitation Center in Greensboro, NC.
Several months ago doctors determined that Hazel had Myelo-Sierosis, an
incurable blood disease (It is akin to Leukemia.). Unfortunately, the
disease was more than she could overcome, and she passed away peacefully
with Norm at her bedside.
In lieu of flowers, the family requests that donations be made to the
Hematology Clinic, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.