ALWAN, HAROLD JOSEPH
Name: Harold Joseph Alwan
Rank/Branch: O4/US Marine Corps
Unit: VMA 121, Marine Air Group 12
Date of Birth: 04 August 1934
Home City of Record: Peoria IL
Date of Loss: 27 February 1967
Country of Loss: South Vietnam/Over Water
Loss Coordinates: 150500N 1085100E (BT930320)
Status (in 1973): Missing In Action
Other Personnel In Incident: (none missing)
Source: Compiled by Homecoming II Project 15 June 1990 from one or more of the
following: raw data from U.S. Government agency sources, correspondence with
POW/MIA families, published sources, interviews. Updated by the P.O.W.
SYNOPSIS: Harold Alwan graduated from the University of Notre Dame in 1956.
There, he was involved in ROTC and graduated as a second lieutenant in the
Marine Corps with an engineering degree. He decided to make his career as a
Marine pilot, and served on bases in Quantico, Virginia and Cherry Point,
North Carolina before he was assigned to Vietnam as a Major.
On February 27, 1967, Alwan was on a one-man, one-aircraft mission when his
plane disappeared over South Vietnam. Alwan had just completed an aircraft
test and had checked in for a helicopter escort mission. Alwan's family was
given three locations of loss, two over land and one over sea, where Alwan's
plane went down. The Pentagon was not sure, having no witnesses, what
happened and where. The Defense Department now lists the official location
of loss as over the South China Sea, just southeast of the city of Quang
Ngai in Quang Ngai Province, South Vietnam.
For three days following the crash of the aircraft, however, an emergency
radio beeper signal was heard. Alwan's was the only plane missing in the
vicinity, and his family is certain the beeper was Alwan's.
Alwan's family identified a prisoner of war in Hanoi from a Christmas
propaganda film released by the Hanoi government. The U.S. Government
identified the same photo as a returned POW (although they declined to give
his name), yet later provided the same photo to Alwan's family as an
unidentified POW who was never released from Hanoi.
Harold Alwan's family hopes that he died in the crash of his plane in 1967.
They cannot endure the thought that he has been held prisoner all these
years knowing he was willingly abandoned by the country he so proudly
served. They have resolved themselves to accept whatever truth they are able
to learn about Alwan, but that truth is not forthcoming--from either the
U.S. Government or the Vietnamese.
This mission may or may not have been for Alwan.... but comments/identifiers
match and the story is posted simply to inform on a mission.
At recovery sites, memories of lost loved ones keep troops focused on grave
By Sean Kimmons, Army News Service /
Published April 06, 2018
NGAI PROVINCE, Vietnam (AFNS) -- The
day Army Sgt. 1st Class Tommy Murphy died is still engrained into his
It was April 7, 2001, and Tycoria Johnson was just 9 years old. On that
Saturday, Murphy, along with six other American service members and nine
Vietnamese counterparts, departed on an MI-17 helicopter to investigate
a potential recovery site.
They were part of a Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency mission in search
of the remains of fallen service members from the Vietnam War.
Her father was a team sergeant, she said, who supervised and did much of
the planning for the team.
But as the weather worsened, the helicopter veered off course and
collided into a mountain hidden by clouds in central Vietnam. No one
In her fatherís footsteps
Johnson, now a senior airman based in Japan, recently volunteered for a
joint mission with DPAA, where her father once worked as a mortuary
"He would talk about his missions a lot," she said, recalling the videos
he would show her of people digging at excavation sites. "I knew that he
enjoyed it and I think he would be surprised that I actually signed up
to do it."
With her skills as a radio communications operator in the Air Force,
Johnson was sent to Quang Ngai Province -- not far from her father's
crash site -- to augment a recovery team.
Atop a small mountain covered in a thick jungle,
the team's goal was to find a Marine pilot lost after his A-4E Skyhawk
attack jet had crashed there during the war.
"You feel that you're a part of something bigger [than yourself]," she
said at the excavation site in mid-March.
For about a month, her team lived in tents lifted slightly above muddy,
rocky terrain on plywood platforms. The humid heat stifled the air as
insects and dangerous creatures, such as snakes and scorpions, lurked
Each day, team members climbed 700 feet in elevation along a half-mile
trail back up to the site.
While it can take months to even years to find remains that lead to the
identification of a missing service member at these sites, team members
understand why they still do it.
"Speaking from experience, you want to have something of your family
member," Johnson, 26, of Prince George, Virginia, said. "Just having
someone take the time and search for them also shows that the military
cares for [them] as a human being."
Searching for closure
Sgt. 1st Class Zachary Plante, the mountaineering expert on Johnson's
team, spoke of the deadly encounters his unit saw in Operation Hammer
Down while deployed to Afghanistan with the 25th Infantry Division.
The air assault offensive in June 2011 was supposed to last about a day,
he said, but it turned into a weeklong battle with Taliban fighters.
While some of his fellow Soldiers did not make it out alive, they did
return home, even if in a flag-draped coffin to comfort mourning friends
In his fourth recovery mission with DPAA, Plante said those memories
continue to motivate him to recover as many Americans as possible. In
Vietnam, there are more than 1,200 still missing.
"We all lost people downrange, but we saw them come home," Plante, 40,
of Orange, Massachusetts, said.
Similar events also weigh on Sgt. 1st Class Christopher Krogman, the
team sergeant, who has deployed five times and lost Soldiers in combat.
"It's always hard losing a service member, but by bringing them back we
were able to have closure immediately," Krogman, 35, Bend, Oregon, said.
"With these [missing] service members, the units never really had
Living in the middle of a jungle surrounded by mountains also gave team
members a new appreciation for what Vietnam War-era troops endured in
"A lot of the terrain we've been in, I can't imagine moving through it,"
said Plante, a former mountaineering instructor at the Army Ranger
School. "They were in the thick of it."
For the most part, the team looked past the uncomfortable times and to
the overall purpose of the mission.
"You can do anything for 30 days, regardless of how bad the conditions
are, you can do it," Krogman said. "We harp that from the very beginning
and they adopt that."
Johnson needed perhaps the least convincing to drive on with the
"I feel like I'm completing what he started," she said of her father.
"It pushes me to keep going, especially with the hike. It's not an easy
job, but it is rewarding."
When her father and the 15 others died in that helicopter crash, it had
a devastating ripple effect across the entire agency, where many of them
Both the incoming and outgoing commanders for the detachment in Vietnam
were also on the helicopter.
"It was absolutely terrible," said Johnie Webb, the agency's deputy of
outreach and communications. "You never want to lose anybody, but here
we are trying to recover those guys who lost their lives in the Vietnam
War and we lose more of our guys."
At the time, a recovery team in Laos was about to leave the country when
DPAA officials asked some of them to divert to Vietnam and help recover
the bodies of their fellow team members.
"We got more than we needed," Webb said of the volunteers. "We brought
our guys back home and did the autopsy and identification at our
facility [in Hawaii]."
Webb said Johnson's father was one of his good friends. He recalled that
he and others in the office nicknamed him "gentle giant" because of his
"I'd known Tommy for many years," said Webb, who has spent four decades
at the agency. "One of the things about his [military occupational
specialty], which is now 92M, is that it's a very small MOS."
Before Johnson left for Vietnam, Webb had the chance to speak with her
at the agency's headquarters in Hawaii.
"I'm impressed with her," he said from his office. "She told me, 'Well,
that's where my dad lost his life, so I need to go over there and see
for myself what it is like.'
"He would have been proud of her."
Johnson plans to attend a memorial ceremony Saturday at the crash site,
where a plaque is now on display honoring those who were killed,
including her father.